Orthodox synagogue

Orthodox synagogueDaniela Dlabača No. 15

Orthodox synagogue   בית כנסת אורטודוקסי בזילינה   is a simple building with house of prayer and other rooms. The house of prayer was built in an interwar residential development in 1927. The elevated object with full basement is m made by a pair of buildings of the front house of prayer and back tract, optically unified by veranda with staircase entrance. The house of prayer is with its east facade directed into the street, with legible placement of Áron ha-kodeš (literary Shrine).

Interior             
The interior is in intact condition with well-preserved original furniture and its geometric décor of the 20s. It is divided by a wooden partition – mechitza. By the synagogue, there was also a flat and a small courtyard. Synagogue entrance was directed from the side, out of the main street, and believers entered first the hall in order to forget about the worries of everyday life and prepare themselves for prayer. Headgear (kipa) was necessary during the visit. It expressed their respect and humility towards God. 

Museum of Jewish culture             
Before Holocaust, the last rabbis in the town were orthodox rabbi Martin Klein and neological rabbi Dr. Hugo Stránsky. The basement originally served as a place for ritual bath, today it serves as business rooms. This part was renovated too. Today, the museum – exhibition of the Museum of Jewish culture,  is situated in the back of the women´s side. The majority of expository exhibits include sacred objects, being owned by Jewish religious community in Žilina. The exhibition hall is itself separated from the house of prayer, with a wooden lattice a visitor can see the layout of the house of prayer through.

Decalogue             
From the street side the stone tablets with a text in Hebrew can be seen on the synagogue – The Ten Commandments (Decalogue) עשרת הדברים. The contract between God and the 12 Israeli peoples was made under the Mount Sinai (Horeb). God dictated the commandments to Moses and he interpreted them to people. “So he was there with the Lord for forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments”. The Ten Commandments have essential meaning in Jewry and Christianity

It can be visited
Friday: 3.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
Sunday: 2.30 p.m. – 5.30 p.m.
exterior during guided tour of TIO Žilina.

Source: Jozef Feiler www.zilina-gallery.sk

Position of the monument on the map: C4

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