Národná banka Slovenska was established as the central bank for Slovakia on 1 January 1993. The act establishing it was passed by members of the Slovak National Council on 17 November 1992 and it was published under no. 566/1992. Národná banka Slovenska (NBS) is the central bank of the Slovak Republic. NBS became part of the Eurosystem on 1 January 2009. Its primary duty is to maintain price stability in the euro area in cooperation with the European Central Bank and other central banks of euro area countries. Národná banka Slovenska currently has 9 branches in the territory of the Slovak Republic in addition to its headquarters in Bratislava.
The headquarters and branches of NBS:
- They ensure, through treasury activities, a sufficient number, structure and quality of euro banknotes and coins for the needs of the public and the economy.
- They exchange euro banknotes and coins for euro banknotes and coins of another value or damaged euro banknotes and coins for undamaged ones.
- They withdraw euro banknotes and coins for which no replacement can be provided (e.g. euro banknotes suspected to be the result of counterfeiting, modification or unauthorised production.
- They exchange Slovak banknotes and Slovak commemorative coins for euro.
- The provide services for Banks and professional cash processors.
In July 2006 NBS redesigned its branch network to provide optimal, more economical management of individual organisation units. From 1 July 2006 NBS established branches in Bratislava, Trenčín, Nové Zámky, Žilina, Lučenec, Banská Bystrica, Poprad, Košice and Humenné as locations exclusively providing for the circulation of cash and money supply management.
The building of the Žilina branch of NBS was designed by a team of architects: Ing. arch. Vladimír Fajčík, Ing. arch. Maroš Likavčan a Ing. arch. Róbert Toman. Their design received the CE.ZA.AR award for building of the year in 2004 in the category Civil and Industrial Buildings.
The branch’s new building is situated at the end of the Žilina Bulvár (Boulevard), the main pedestrian thoroughfare in the town leading out of the medieval centre, to which it forms a natural conclusion. This thoroughfare runs through the residential districts Hliny I. – IV. It was designed by Ferdinand Čapka and other architects employed by the firm Stavoprojekt Žilina in the period 1955 – 1970. The building of the Regional Library in Žilina and the neighbouring NBS branch are a fitting complement to the street’s residential, commercial and recreational functions.
The branch building is made up of three cuboid blocks whose mass composition corresponds to their functions and at the same time responds to architecture in the surroundings. Every block has a different function and a different material design. The concrete awning with flagpole and access ramp is a response to the covered pedestrian spaces on the Bulvár. The architects’ aim was to fulfil the spatial and economic requirements in a simple way whose fittingness would express the stability and seriousness of both the building and the institution.
The NBS branch is reminiscent of an industrial building. It is unpretentious and simple but at the same time truthful and purposeful. The colours and materials selected for the building act as a signal and contribute to the final strength of its expression. The two-storey unit and the lowest rear cube containing the bank’s operating facilities form a light-grey plastered backdrop to the central compact block with no openings. This robust monolith of the branch is covered with Corten cladding. This is a high-quality material designed to rust through gradual oxidation. Once a certain level of maturation has been reached after approximately four months, the corrosion stops naturally, and the steel does not rust any more. After this oxidation, colour stability and a long life are guaranteed.
Source: Mgr. Peter Štanský
It can be visited
■ exterior during a guided tour of TIO Žilina.
Position of the monument on the map: B6