Functionalism is a modern architectural style, which derives shape from function. Unlike previous historicist styles, functionalism is exempt from excess decoration and ornamentation.
Žilina was one of the main centres where modern architecture was created in Slovakia and functionalism was incorporated into the culture relatively early. At that time, the town was converted into a large construction site where even today "the spirit of the time - genius loci" can be seen, embodied in the town’s buildings and streets.
Selection of functionalist buildings in Žilina:
The construction of the church was the project of M.M. Harminc in 1935 - 1936. It is based on the model of the Evangelical Church on Legionárska Street in Bratislava. The location of the project was modified at the request of bishop Fedor Ruppeldt.
The construction took place from 1930 to 1931, according to the project of the architect M.M. Scheer. The architect had at his disposal a narrow trapezoidal corner parcel, and he placed a central stairway at the front of the structure.
The building is a rather unique example of exported Czech modern functionalist architecture in Žilina. Sokolovňa was built in 1931, on the basis of J. Franců’s project. By its pure form, functionality and content it has expressed the spirit of the time until now.
The neologic Synagogue built by the renowned architect prof. Peter Behrens is one of the most unique architectural monuments in Slovakia. This building placed Žilina on the map of the world history of architecture.
The construction with small flats for poor people was built by the Roman Catholic Parish at 11 Vojtecha Spanyola Street in 1931, according to a project of M. M. Scheer. The building is located on a split sloping parcel and it immediately grabs the visitor’s attention by its simplicity and readable architecture.
Between 1941 and 1943 the main administration building was constructed on what is now Republic Street, designed by the architect František Bednárik and chartered architect Ferdinand Čapek. This Functionalist building is still one of the most remarkable buildings in the town. It is built in the shape of the letter 'V'.
The site is delimited by the M. Rázusa and Veľká Okružná Roads and on the south side by Žilina’s old cemetery. On that irregular parcel, the architect F.E. Bednárik solved the layout problem with a T-shaped school building.
This unique architectural - urban monument ranks among the most important architectural monuments in Slovakia, which were created at the beginning of the 1930s (1931-1932). Its creator was Žigmund Vavrín-Wertheimer, an architect from Žilina.
The new marketplace with its passage created a new connection linking the town core and the "Market" Square. Typical architectural details of this building are round windows and arched glass-concrete walls.
This small urban villa was designed by the architect Michal Maximilián Scheer to meet the requirements for modern living of its proprietor, Šimur Stein.
O. Trávniček built a two-storey house in 1931, it was designed by M. M. Scheer. The front part of the prism-shaped corner house is lightened by the addition of columns. Shops were mostly located here, behind the large glass windows. The publisher’s workshops and warehouses were located in the house’s yard.
In 1947 Ladislav Hustý built a four-storey department store designed by Michael Maximilian Scheer in collaboration with V. Ponechal. in 2001 Makyta Puchov launched a reconstruction programme on this building and in autumn of the same year Makyta opened its first store there.
On the corner of Bottova and Makovického streets there is a functionalist building, which was built by Žilina businessman Adolf Grosmann. The house was designed by a reputable Žilina architect, Jozef Zweigenthal, who was born in Tešín in 1895. The building was added to Žilina’s listed buildings as a beautiful functionalist building.
Building number 14 on Sládkovičova Street is known as Post Office 1 Žilina. The Post Office 1 building has stood there for over 70 years and 105 years have passed since the very first post office was built here. The new building was designed by one of Slovakia’s most important architects, Juraj Tvarožek.
In 1927 on the corner of Bernolákova and Daniela Dlabača streets a commercial and residential three-storey semi-detached building was built in functionalist style, which is now a major landmark in the town.
JUDr. Alexander Kováč was a well-known advocate from Žilina. Architects Fridrich Weiwurm and Ignác Vécsei who were working together in a well-known atelier in Bratislava, prepared two designs for a department store and a residential building with offices for the advocate activities.