Historical documents and insignia
Municipal coat of arms of the town of Žilina
The municipal coat of arms of Žilina ranks among the oldest coats of arms not only in Slovakia. The heraldic device was used for the first time on the bill from 8th March 1379. The coat of arms is probably derived from the heraldic symbol of Ondrej III, the last of the family of Arpaid. He used a double-armed cross and accompaniments of celestian bodies in his coat of arms. On the green early-Gothic shield, there is a gold double-armed cross with roots and in the upper corners there are two gold hexagonal stars.
Flag and banner of the town of Žilina
The flag and banner of the town of Žilina consists of two equally wide stripes - the upper one is of golden (yellow) colour and the lower one is olive-green. In the upper part there is the coat-of-arms of Žilina. In the flag, the height of the coat of arms is equal to 6/8 of the width of the gold stripe. The ratio of length to width of the flag is 3:2. The banner of the town of Žilina is created according to the municipal flag. The dimensions are not prescribed and should follow the practical and aesthetic aspect.
Municipal seal of the town of Žilina
It is a ring shaped and filled by the municipal coat of arms. On its circumference, there is a circumscript that starts with a cross followed by the inscription SIGILLVM CIVIVM DE ŽILINA ("Burghers‘s seal of Žilina") where the letter Z is written the wrong way round. The origin of the municipal heraldic seal can be associated with the end of the 13th century and the oldest municipal seal of Žilina has been preserved on a bill dated 8th March 1379. In the bill, the town representatives of Žilina asked the town council of Krupina for permission to copy its law transcript because the King Ludovic I. the Great banned them from using previous law (of Tešín). The circular seal has a diameter of 60 mm. It is imprinted onto natural dark brown wax and attached to the bill by parchment strips through the bottom margin of the bill.
Writing of the Žilina Book started in 1378 (1378 – 1561). It is the oldest legal relic of this kind in Slovakia and important legal and lingusitic document of European significance. It is written in three languages: German, Latin and Slovak. It contains a German copy of the Magdeburg Rights (1378, Nicholas of Luková), its slovakised Czech language translation (1473) and other inscriptions. It is and extremely valuable written relic containing the oldest book inscription written in the Slovak language on the Slovak territory. Book dimensions are 29 x 22 cm, it is bound in brown leather originating from the 15th century and contains 149 pages. In 1988, the Žilina Book was declared a National Monument. It is kept in the Žilina branch of the State Archive Bytča.
Privilegium pro Slavis Solnensis
This is a common although not exact name of the privilege granted by the Hungarian King Ludovic I. the Great on 7th May 1381 (Privilegium pro Slavis Solnensis). The privilege provided equal representation in the City Council for Slovak burghers in Žilina. Considering their large prevalence, the Slovak citizens disputed with the German citizens so that they could attend the City Council equally. This privilege is often considered to be a privilege for Slovaks generally, but in fact, it refered only to Slovak citizens of Žilina. The privilege is the oldest written document of Slovak rights in our district.